Premio Nobel iti Kappia

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Ti Premio Nobel iti Kappia ket maysa a pammadayaw a maibalbalangat a tinawen iti maysa a tao manipud iti ania man a pagilian a nakaparnuay wenno nangged para iti panagkakappia dagiti nasion, iti panangkissay wenno panangikkat kadagiti militaria, ken iti panangitag-ay iti kinatalna. Ti pammadayaw ket maited a tinawen idiay Oslo, Norway, saan nga iti Stockholm, Sweden a kas iti dadduma a Premio Nobel. Dagiti mangpili kadagiti mapadayawan ket madutokan iti Parliamento ti Norway, a ti mangidadaulo ita ket ni Dr. Ole Danbolt Mjøs.

Listaan dagiti napadayawan iti Premio Nobel iti Kappia[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Listaan iti Premio Nobel iti Kappia manipud idi 1901.

Tawen Nagan Nota
1901 Jean Henri Dunant (Switzerland) nangbangon iti Nalabaga nga Kuros ken iti Geneva Convention.
Frédéric Passy (Fransia) nangbangon ken presidente iti Société Française pour l'arbitrage entre nations.
1902 Élie Ducommun (Switzerland) ken Charles Albert Gobat impadayaw a secretaria iti Permanent International Peace Bureau idiay Berne.
1903 Sir William Randal Cremer (Britania) secretaria iti International Arbitration League.
1904 Institut de droit international (Gent, Belgium).
1905 Bertha Sophie Felicitas Baronin von Suttner, née Contesa Kinsky iti Chinic ken Tettau (Austria-Hungaria) mannurat, impadayaw a presidente iti Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1906 Theodore Roosevelt (Estados Unidos) presidente iti Estados Unidos ti America, para iti tulongna a nangaramid iti tulag a panagkakappia manipud iti Gubat a Russo-Hapon.
1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (Italia) presidente iti Lombard League of Peace.
Louis Renault (Fransia) profesor iti Linteg nga Internasional.
1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson (Sweden) nangbangon iti Swedish Peace and Arbitration League.
Fredrik Bajer (Denmark) impadayaw a presidente iti Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1909 Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert (Belgium) kameng iti Cour Internationale d'Arbitrage.
Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant (Fransia) nangbangon ken presidente ti grupo a parliamentario a Fransiano para iti international arbitration. Nangbangon iti Comité de défense des intérets nationaux et de conciliation internationale
1910 Bureau International Permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau), Berne.
1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser (Netherlands) nangiganetget iti International Conferences of Private Law iti The Hague.
Alfred Hermann Fried (Austria-Hungary) nangbangon iti Die Waffen Nieder.
1912 Elihu Root (USA) para iti panangirugina iti nadumaduma nga arbitration agreements.
1913 Henri la Fontaine (Belgium) presidente iti Permanent International Peace Bureau.
1914 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan I
1915 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan I
1916 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan I
1917 Internasional a Nalabaga nga Kuros, Geneva
1918 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1919 Woodrow Wilson (USA) presidente iti Estados Unidos, gapu iti pinakabangon iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian
1920 Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois presidente iti Konseho iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian
1921 Hjalmar Branting (Sweden) primo ministro, delegado iti Konseho iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian
Christian Lous Lange (Norway) secretaria-heneral iti Union nga Inter-Parliamentaria
1922 Fridtjof Nansen (Norway) Delegado iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian, nangrugi iti Pasaporte a Nansen para kadagiti tattao nga agkamang.
1923 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1924
1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain (Britania) para iti Tratados ti Locarno.
Charles Gates Dawes (Estados Unidos) chairman iti Allied Reparation Commission ken isu iti nagrugi ti Dawes Plan.
1926 Aristide Briand (Fransia) para kadagiti Tratados ti Locarno.
Gustav Stresemann (Alemania) para kadagiti Tratados ti Locarno.
1927 Ferdinand Buisson (Fransia) nangbangon ken presidente iti Timpuyog para dagiti Kalintegan ti Tao.
Ludwig Quidde (Alemania) delegado iti naruay a conferencia ti talna.
1928 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1929 Frank B. Kellogg (Estados Unidos) para iti Briand-Kellogg Pact.
1930 Archbishop Lars Olof Nathan (Jonathan) Söderblom (Sweden) pangulo iti ecumenical movement.
1931 Jane Addams (Estados Unidos) presidente nga internasional iti Timpuyog dagiti Babbae iti Lubong para iti Kappia ken Waywaya
Nicholas Murray Butler (Estados Unidos) para iti pinagpammangatona iti Briand-Kellogg Pact.
1932 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1933 Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) (Britania) mannurat, miembro iti Executive Committee iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian ken iti Konseho Nasional para iti Pinagkakappia.
1934 Arthur Henderson (Britania) chairman iti conferensia a mangipasardeng iti agarmas, Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian
1935 Carl von Ossietzky (Alemania) mannurat iti pagiwarnak
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas (Arhentina) presidente iti Timpuyog dagiti Pagilian ken namagkappia iti apa ti Paraguay ken Bolivia.
1937 Iti Visconde Cecil iti Chelwood nangbangon ken presidente iti Campania Internasional iti Kappia.
1938 Ofisina a Nansen nga Internasional para kadagiti Agkamang, Geneva.
1939 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan II
1940 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan II
1941 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan II
1942 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan II
1943 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Gubat Sangalubongan II
1944 Internasional a Nalabaga nga Kuros, (impadayaw iti sumaruno nga tawen, 1945).
1945 Cordell Hull (Estados Unidos) maysa nga nangirugi iti Nagkakaysa a Pagilian.
1946 Emily Greene Balch (Estados Unidos) presidente nga internasional iti Timpuyog dagiti Babbae iti Lubong para iti Kappia ken Waywaya
John R. Mott (Estados Unidos) pangulo iti Konseho nga Internasional dagiti Managkaskasaba ken presidente iti World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
1947 The Konseho dagiti Gagayyem (Britania) ken iti Konseho dagiti Gagayyem ti America (Estados Unidos) para kadagiti Quakers wenno miembro iti Relihioso a Gagayyem
1948 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw Maited koma ken ni Mahatma Gandhi no saan nga natay. Kiten iti articulo ti Nobel e-museum [1]
1949 The Lord Boyd-Orr (Britania) director iti General Food and Agricultural Organization, presidente iti National Peace Council, presidente iti World Union of Peace Organizations.
1950 Ralph Bunche managkappia iti Palestinia (1948).
1951 Léon Jouhaux (Fransia) president of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the UN.
1952 Albert Schweitzer (Alemania) nangibangon iti Hospital iti Lambarene idiay Gabon.
1953 American Secretary of State George Catlett Marshall para iti Marshall Plan.
1954 Ti ofisina ti United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
1955 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1956 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1957 Lester Bowles Pearson (Canada) president of the 7th session of the United Nations General Assembly for introducing peacekeeping forces to resolve the Suez Crisis.
1958 Georges Pire (Belgium) leader of L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde, a relief organization for refugees.
1959 Philip Noel-Baker (UK) for his lifelong ardent work for international peace and co-operation.
1960 Albert Lutuli (South Africa) president of the ANC (African National Congress).
1961 Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden) secretary-general of the UN (awarded posthumously).
1962 Linus Carl Pauling (USA) for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing.
1963 International Committee of the Red Cross, Geneva.
League of Red Cross Societies, Geneva.
1964 Martin Luther King Jr (USA) campaigner for civil rights.
1965 United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF)
1966 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1967
1968 René Cassin (France) president of the European Court of Human Rights.
1969 International Labour Organization (I.L.O.), Geneva.
1970 Norman Borlaug (USA) for research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.
1971 Chancellor Willy Brandt (West Germany) for West Germany's Ostpolitik, embodying a new attitude towards Eastern Europe and East Germany.
1972 Saan a naited ti pammadayaw
1973 Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger (USA) and Foreign Minister Le Duc Tho (Vietnam, declined) for the Vietnam peace accord.
1974 Seán MacBride (Ireland) president of the International Peace Bureau and the Commission of Namibia of the United Nations.
Eisaku Sato (佐藤榮作) (Japan) prime minister.
1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (USSR) for his campaigning for human rights.
1976 Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People).
1977 Amnesty International, London for its campaign against torture.
1978 President Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat (Egypt) and Prime Minister Menachem Begin (Israel) for negotiating peace between Egypt and Israel.
1979 Mother Teresa (India) poverty awareness campaigner (India)
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (Argentina) human rights
1981 The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
1982 Alva Myrdal (Sweden) and Alfonso García Robles (Mexico) delegates to the United Nations General Assembly on Disarmament.
1983 Lech Wałęsa (Poland) founder of Solidarność and campaigner for human rights. Later served as the first president of Poland after the fall of Communism
1984 Bishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu (South Africa) para kadagiti obrana kontra iti apartheid.
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Boston.
1986 Elie Wiesel (USA) autor, nakalasat iti Holocaust
1987 President Óscar Arias Sánchez (Costa Rica) for initiating peace negotiations in Central America.
1988 United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces. For participation in numerous conflicts since 1956. As of the time of the award, 736 people from a variety of nations had lost their lives in peacekeeping efforts.
1989 Tenzin Gyatso, maika-14 nga Dalai Lama.
1990 President Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (USSR) "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi (Myanmar) "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"
1992 Author Rigoberta Menchú (Guatemala) "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"
1993 President Nelson Mandela (South Africa) and former President Frederik Willem de Klerk (South Africa) "for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"
1994 PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, Foreign Minister Shimon Peres (Israel) and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (Israel) "for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"
1995 Józef Rotblat (Poland/UK) and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"
1996 Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo ken José Ramos Horta (Timor-Leste) para iti trabahoda iti pinagkakappia idiay Timor-Leste
1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"
1998 John Hume ken David Trimble (Umamianan nga Irlandia) para iti trabahoda iti pinagkakappia idiay Umamianan nga Irlandia
1999 Médecins Sans Frontières, Brussels. "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"
2000 Presidente Kim Dae Jung (김대중) (Abagatan nga Korea) "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"
2001 Iti United Nations ken ni Secretaria-Heneral Kofi Annan (Ghana) para iti trabahoda iti pinagkakappia iti lubong
2002 Jimmy Carter (Estados Unidos) - dati nga presidente iti Estados Unidos ti America "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
2003 Shirin Ebadi (شیرین عبادی), (Iran) para iti trabahona iti democracia ken iti kalintegan ti tattao, aglalo kadagiti kababaean ken dagiti ubbing
2004 Wangari Maathai (Kenya) para iti trabahona iti sustainable development, democracia ken pinagtalna
2005 Iti Ahensia iti Enerhia Atomico International ken ni Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt) para iti trabahoda nga pannakaiwaksi, panagaywan wenno pannakausar a natalged iti enerhia nga nuclear

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