Tengnga a Panpanawen

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Replika iti helmet a nabirukan idiay Sutton Hoo, idiay nakaipunponan ti maysa nga Anglo-Sahon a daulo, a mabalin a maysa nga ari, idi agarup a620 iti Nasapa Tengnga a Panawen[1]

Ti Tengnga a Panawen (dagiti pangilasin aporma: mediebal, mediaebal, ken mediæbal) ket isu ti paset ti panawen iti Europeano a pakasaritaan a sumakop ti maika-5 aginggana ti maika-15 a sigsiglo, a kadawyan anamarkaan manipud ti panakarebba iti Lumaud nga Imperio a Romano (i patingga ti Klasiko a Kina-ugma) aginggana ti panagrugi iti Renasimiento ken ti Panawen ti Panagduktal, dagiti paset ti panawen a nangiyeg ti Moderno a Panawen. Ti mediebal a paset ti panawen ket isu ngarud ti tengnga nga oras ti tinawtawid a panagbingbingay ti Lumaud a pakasaritaan a pakapanan dagiti Klasiko, Mediebal, ken Moderno a paset ti panawen; ti pay maipatibayon, ti Tengnga a Panawen ket kadawyan a nabingbingay kadagiti Nasapa a Tengnga a Panawen, ti Nangato a Tengnga a Panawen, ken ti Naladaw a Tengnga a Panawen.

Idi Nasapa a Tengng a Panawen, ti depopulasion, deurbanisasion, ken ti panagraut dagiti barbaro, ket nangrugi idi Naladaw a Kina-ugma, ket napardas a nagtultuloy. Dagiti barbaro a nagraraut ket nagurnosda kadagiti baro a pagarian kadagiti tidda ti Lumaud anga Imperio a a Romano. Idi maika-7 a siglo ti Amianan nga Aprika ken ti Tengnga a Daya,a paset idi ti Dumaya nga Imperio a Romano, ket nagbalin a Islamiko nga Imperio kalapsan ti panagrukma dagiti simmaruno kenni Muhammad. Nupay adda dagiti adu a panagbalbaliw dagit patakder ti kagimongan ken politika, ti panakaisina ti Kina-ugma ket saan idi a kompleto, gaputa dagiti kaaduan a baro a pagarian ket innayonda dagiti adu a rimsua a Romano nga instituto; bayat a dagiti monestario ket nabangon idi nagpadpadakkel ti Kristianidad idiay lumaud a Europa. Idi maika-7 ken maika-8 a sigloa, dagiti Pranko, babaen ti Karolingio a dinastia, ket nangibangon ti imperio a simmakup ti kaaduan ti lumaud a Europa; ti Imperio a Karolingio ket nagpaut aginggana idi maika-9 a siglo, nga idi ket naparukma manipud kaagiti panagtalmeg iti panagraut — dagiti Viking manipud ti amianan; dagiti Magyar manipud ti dayat, ken dagiti Saracen manipud ti abagatan.

Paammo[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Dakamat[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

  1. ^ Nees Nasapa a Mediebal Arte pp. 109–112

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Kasilpo iti ruar[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

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