Sideroxylon

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Bully trees
Starr 010330-0568 Sideroxylon persimile.jpg
Sideroxylon persimile
Taksonomia urnosen
Pagarian: Plantae
Klado: Angiospermae
Klado: Eudicotidae
Klado: Asterids
Urnos: Ericales
Pamilia: Sapotaceae
Subpamilia: Sapotoideae
Tribu: Sideroxyleae
Henero: Sideroxylon
L.[1]
Sebbangan-kita
Sideroxylon inerme
Kapada a nagan[4]
  • Apterygia Baehni
  • Bumelia Sw.
  • Calvaria Comm. ex C.F.Gaertn.
  • Cryptogyne Hook.f.
  • Decateles Raf.
  • Dipholis A.DC.
  • Edgeworthia Falc. 1842, ilehitamado a homonimo, saan a Meisn. 1841 (Thymelaeaceae)
  • Lyciodes Kuntze
  • Mastichodendron (Engl.) H.J.Lam
  • Monotheca A.DC.
  • Nesoluma Baill.
  • Reptonia A.DC.
  • Robertia Scop., rejected name
  • Robertsia Endl.
  • Rostellaria C.F.Gaertn.
  • Sclerocladus Raf.
  • Sinosideroxylon (Engl.) Aubrév.
  • Spiniluma (Baill.) Aubrév.
  • Spondogona Raf., rejected name
  • Tatina Raf.

Ti Sideroxylon ket ti henero dagitikayo iti pamilia ti Sapotaceae nga impalawag a kas maysa a henero babaen ni Linnaeus idi 1753.[3][5] Kolektiboda nga ammo iti Ingles iti bully trees. Ti kadawyan a nagan ket naala manipud kadagiti balikas a Griego iti σιδηρος (sideros), a ti kayatna a sawen ket "landok", ken ξύλον (xylon), a ti kayatna a sawen "kayo."[6]

Pannakaiwarwaras[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Kangrunaan a naiwarwaras ti henero iti Amianan ken Abagatan nga Amerika, ngem mabirukan pay iti Aprika, Madagascar, akin-abagatan nga Asia, ken dagiti nadumaduma nga oseaniko nga isla.[4] Adda dagiti sumagmamano a sebbangan, a kas ti gum bully (S. lanuginosum), S. tenax, ken buckthorn bully (S. lycioides), ket mabirukan kadagiti subtropikal a lugar ti Amianan nga Amerika. Ti kaikaisuna a sebbangan ti Abagatan nga Aprika, ti white milkwood (S. inerme), ket mainaig kadagiti tallo a tawid a sitio, ken dagitoy nga indibidual ket nairangarangda a nailian a monumento gapu ti karkarna a kapautda.[7][8]

Ekolohia[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Adda dagit inadumaduma a sebbangan a nagbalinen a karkarna gapu ti panagpukan ti kayo ken dagiti sabali pay a porma ti panagdadael iti habitat. Ti Tambalacoque (S. grandiflorum, sin. Calvaria major) ti Mauritius ket naapektaran idi babaen ti pannakaungaw dagiti billit a nangiwarwaras kadagiti bukel; daytoy ket naisingasing idi a ti intero a sebbangan ket nagdepdepende iti dodo (Raphus cucullatus) para iti dayta a paggep ken gangani a nagbalinen a biktima ti agkadua a pannakaungaw, ngemsaan a husto daytoy.[9][10]

Dagiti sebbangan[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Dagiti naawat a sebbangan[4]
  1. Sideroxylon acunae (Borhidi) T.D.Penn. – Kuba
  2. Sideroxylon alachuense L.C.Anderson – Florida
  3. Sideroxylon altamiranoi (Rose & Standl.) T.D.Penn.Hidalgo, Querétaro
  4. Sideroxylon americanum (Mill.) T.D.Penn.Yucatan, West Indies
  5. Sideroxylon anomalum (Urb.) T.D.Penn.Barahona
  6. Sideroxylon beguei Capuron ex Aubrév. – Madagascar
  7. Sideroxylon bequaertii De Wild.Zaïre
  8. Sideroxylon betsimisarakum LecomteMadagascar
  9. Sideroxylon borbonicum A.DC.Réunion
  10. Sideroxylon boutonianum A.DC.Mauritius
  11. Sideroxylon bullatum (R.A.Howard & Proctor) T.D.Penn.Hamaika
  12. Sideroxylon canariense Leyens, Lobin & A.SantosCanary Is
  13. Sideroxylon cantoniense Lour. – SE China
  14. Sideroxylon capiri (A.DC.) PittierMesoamerika, West Indies
  15. Sideroxylon capuronii Aubrév. – Madagascar
  16. Sideroxylon cartilagineum (Cronquist) T.D.Penn.Sinaloa, Jalisco, Guerrero
  17. Sideroxylon celastrinum (Kunth) T.D.Penn.Texas, Mesoamerika, Colombia, Venezuela, Kuba, Bahamas
  18. Sideroxylon cinereum Lam.Mauritius
  19. Sideroxylon contrerasii (Lundell) T.D.Penn.Mesoamerika
  20. Sideroxylon cubense (Griseb.) T.D.Penn. – West Indies
  21. Sideroxylon discolor Radcl.-Sm.Socotra
  22. Sideroxylon dominicanum (Whetstone & T.A.Atk.) T.D.Penn.Republika a Dominikano
  23. Sideroxylon durifolium (Standl.) T.D.Penn.Chiapas, Belis
  24. Sideroxylon ekmanianum (Urb.) Bisse, J.E.Gut. & Iglesias – Kuba
  25. Sideroxylon eriocarpum (Greenm. & Conz.) T.D.Penn.Oaxaca
  26. Sideroxylon eucoriaceum (Lundell) T.D.Penn.Veracruz, Guatemala
  27. Sideroxylon eucuneifolium (Lundell) T.D.Penn.Guatemala
  28. Sideroxylon excavatum T.D.Penn.Guerrero, Oaxaca
  29. Sideroxylon fimbriatum Balf.f.Socotra
  30. Sideroxylon floribundum Griseb. – Belize, Guatemala, Hamaika
  31. Sideroxylon foetidissimum Jacq. – West Indies, Abagatan a Mehiko, Guatemala, Belis, Florida
  32. Sideroxylon galeatum (A.W.Hill) BaehniRodrigues
  33. Sideroxylon gerrardianum (Hook.f.) Aubrév. – Madagascar
  34. Sideroxylon grandiflorum A.DC.Mauritius
  35. Sideroxylon hirtiantherum T.D.Penn.Guatemala, Honduras
  36. Sideroxylon horridum (Griseb.) T.D.Penn.Kuba, Cayman Is
  37. Sideroxylon ibarrae (Lundell) T.D.Penn.Baja Verapaz
  38. Sideroxylon inerme L. – Africa (manipud iti Somalia aginggana iti Cape Province), Aldabra, Juan de Nova I
  39. Sideroxylon jubilla (Ekman ex Urb.) T.D.Penn. – Kuba
  40. Sideroxylon lanuginosum Michx. – - Estados Unidos (AZ to SC + KY),[11] NE Mehiko
  41. Sideroxylon leucophyllum S.Wats.Baja California, Sonora
  42. Sideroxylon lycioides L. – buckthorn bully – Estados Unidos (TX to DE)[12]
  43. Sideroxylon macrocarpum (Nutt.) J.R.AllisonGeorgia
  44. Sideroxylon majus (Gaertn.f.) Baehni Réunion
  45. Sideroxylon marginatum (Decne. Ex Webb)Cape Verde
  46. Sideroxylon mascatense (A. DC.) T.D. Penn. – manipud iti Etiopia aginggana iti Pakistan
  47. Sideroxylon mirmulans R.Br.Madeira
  48. Sideroxylon moaense (Bisse & J.E.Gut.) J.E.Gut.Kuba
  49. Sideroxylon montanum (Sw.) T.D.Penn. – Hamaika
  50. Sideroxylon nadeaudii (Drake) Smedmark & Anderb.Tahiti
  51. Sideroxylon nervosum Wall. ex G.DonMyanmar
  52. Sideroxylon obovatum Lam.West Indies, Venezuela
  53. Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem. & Schult.) T.D.Penn. – manipud iti Veracruz aginggana iti Paraguay
  54. Sideroxylon occidentale (Hemsl.) T.D.Penn.Baja California, Sonora
  55. Sideroxylon octosepalum (Urb.) T.D.Penn.Clarendon
  56. Sideroxylon oxyacanthum Baill.Etiopia, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia
  57. Sideroxylon palmeri (Rose) T.D.Penn. – Mehiko
  58. Sideroxylon peninsulare (Brandegee) T.D.Penn.Baja California
  59. Sideroxylon persimile (Hemsl.) T.D.Penn.Mesoamerica, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad
  60. Sideroxylon picardae (Urb.) T.D.Penn.Hispaniola
  61. Sideroxylon polynesicum (Hillebr.) Smedmark & Anderb.Hawaii, Rapa-Iti
  62. Sideroxylon portoricense Urb.Mesoamerica, Greater Antilles
  63. Sideroxylon puberulum A.DC.Mauritius
  64. Sideroxylon reclinatum Michx. – Estados Unidos (LA, MS, AL, GA, FL, SC)[13]
  65. Sideroxylon repens (Urb. and Ekman) T.D.Penn.Hispaniola
  66. Sideroxylon retinerve T.D.Penn.Honduras
  67. Sideroxylon rotundifolium (Sw.) T.D.Penn.Hamaika
  68. Sideroxylon rubiginosum T.D.Penn.Republika a Dominikano
  69. Sideroxylon salicifolium (L.) Lam.West Indies, Mesoamerika, Florida
  70. Sideroxylon saxorum LecomteMadagascar
  71. Sideroxylon sessiliflorum (Poir.) Capuron ex Aubrév. – Mauritius
  72. Sideroxylon socorrense (Brandegee) T.D.Penn.Socorro I
  73. Sideroxylon st-johnianum (H.J.Lam & B.Meeuse) Smedmark & Anderb.Henderson I
  74. Sideroxylon stenospermum (Standl.) T.D.Penn.Mesoamerika
  75. Sideroxylon stevensonii (Standl.) Standl. & Steyerm.Chiapas, Belis, Guatemala
  76. Sideroxylon tambolokoko Aubrév.Madagascar
  77. Sideroxylon tenax L. – Estados Unidos (FL, GA, SC, NC)[14]
  78. Sideroxylon tepicense (Standl.) T.D.Penn.Mesoamerika
  79. Sideroxylon thornei (Cronquist) T.D.Penn. - Estados Unidos (FL, GA, AL)[15]
  80. Sideroxylon verruculosum (Cronquist) T.D.Penn. – Mexico
  81. Sideroxylon wightianum S.MoriGuizhou, Yunnan, Guangdong, Bietnam

Dati a naikabil ditoy[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Dagiti nagibasaran[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

  1. ^ "Genus: Sideroxylon L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-09-30. Naala idi 2010-11-01.
  2. ^ lectotype designated by Baillon, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 908 (1891)
  3. ^ a b Tropicos, Sideroxylon L.
  4. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  5. ^ Linnaeus, Carl von. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 192-193 in Latin
  6. ^ Gledhill, D. (2008). The Names of Plants (4 nga ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 352. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3.
  7. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 8 Page 236, Bully, Sideroxylon Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 192. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 89. 1754.
  8. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 15 Page 212, 铁榄属 tie lan shu Sinosideroxylon (Engler) Aubreville, Adansonia, n.s. 3: 32. 1963.
  9. ^ Witmer, M. C.; A. S. Cheke (1991). "The dodo and the tambalacoque tree: an obligate mutualism reconsidered". Oikos. 61 (1): 133–137. doi:10.2307/3545415.
  10. ^ Hershey, D. R. (2004). "The widespread misconception that the tambalacoque absolutely required the dodo for its seeds to germinate". Plant Science Bulletin. 50: 105–108.
  11. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Sideroxylon lanuginosum
  12. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Sideroxylon lycioides
  13. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Sideroxylon reclinatum
  14. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Sideroxylon tenax
  15. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Sideroxylon thornei
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "GRIN Species Records of Sideroxylon". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Naala idi 2010-09-10.

Dagiti akinruar a silpo[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Midia a mainaig iti Sideroxylon iti Wikimedia Commons
Datos a mainaig iti Sideroxylon iti Wikispecies