Sasao nga Espiritu Santo

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(Naibaw-ing manipud iti Sasao a Laud a Santo)
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Espiritu Santo
Santo
Heograpiko a
pannakaiwarwaras
Isla Espiritu Santo iti akin-amianan a Vanuatu
Lingguistika a pannakaidasigAustronesio
Glottologespi1234[1]

Ti sasao nga Espiritu Santo (alternatibo a sasao a Santo) ket dagiti grupo ti sasao nga Amianan a Vanuatu a naisasao iti Isla ti Espiritu Santo iti akin-amianan a Vanuatu. Ikeddeng ni Tryon (2010) a ti sasao nga Espiritu Santo a maysa a maitunos a grupo.[2]

Dagiti pagsasao[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Maipakita dita baba dagiti dua a listaan ti sasao nga Espiritu Santo manipud iti Tryon (2010) ken François (2015).

Tryon (2010)[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Bigbigen ni Tryon (2010) dagiti 33 a sibibiag a pagsasao ken dagiti 2 a naungaw a pagsasao. Dagitoy ket dagiti sumaganad:[2]

Pagsasao Dagiti agsasao Lugar Purpurok
Valpei (Tavanlav) 300 Amianan-Laud a Santo Wunpuko, Valpei, Petani, Matalip, Pwar, Molpoe, Hakua, Maroa, Pwat, Pwatmwel (Onmwertev), Mwalovuko, Wunapak
Nokuku (Vevatot) 250 Amianan-Laud a Santo Olpoe, Nokuku, Lajmoli, Vunon, Penaoru, Petawota
'Oa 300 Amianan-Laud a Santo Tasmate, Sulesal, Vasalea
Vunapu 250? Amianan-Laud a Santo Vunapu, Pesena
Piamatsina 250? Amianan-Laud a Santo Piamatsina, Piamaeto, Peavot
Tolomako (Big Bay) 900 Amianan-Laud a Santo Jureviu, Tuturu, Tavunamalo, Peavot, Vasi, Pialulup, Matantas
Kula 350 Laud a Santo Wusi, Kerepua, Elia 1
Bura 300 Laud a Santo Linduri, Putonro, Saktui, Maram, Patiare, Mapten, Nukupospos
Kene 300 Laud a Santo Vuimele, Navura, Papaisale, Arumalate, Latavoa, Pilipili, Lepurpuri, Potlavaisevu
Akei 4000 Laud a Santo Toramaori, Lalaolo, Tovotovo, Kerevinumbu, Tasiriki, Ukoro, Malovira, Tasmalum
Daruru 100? Laud a Santo Pelmol
Retlatur 100 Abagatan a Santo Tanovusivusi
Ale 500 Abagatan a Santo Fimele, Wailapa
Aje 10 Abagatan a Santo Patunmevu, Nambaka, Wunamoli
Ande 500 Abagatan a Santo Tanmet, Lotunai, Ipayato, Tasmalum, Morouas
Araki 10 Abagatan a Santo Isla Araki
Movono 370 Abagatan a Santo Isla Tangoa
Farsav 400 Abagatan a Santo Nambel, Tanovoli, Narango, Funafosi, Nambauk
Tiale / Merei 400 Tengnga a Santo Tavuimoli, Nazaraka, Mataipevu, Patuitano, Morokari, Angoru, Tombet, Navele, Vusvogo
Kiai 450 Tengnga a Santo Wailapa, Fortsenale, Namoru
Ko / Mores (Farmores) 200? Tengnga a Santo Tanmet, Lemben, Tsarailan, Namafun, Patmarifu, Sarete, Mavunlif
Moiso 100 Tengnga a Santo Moriuli
Toksiki / Soisoru 200 Tengnga a Santo Morkriv, Pilnuri, Bengie
Tamambo 4000 Daya a Santo Malo
Aore extinct Daya a Santo Aore
Biliru 3 Daya a Santo Tambotalo, Belnatsa, Beleru, Belembut, Lambue
Farafi 300? Daya a Santo Butmas, Tur, Maniok, Shark Bay, Naturuk
Ngen 250 Daya a Santo Vanafo (Tanafo), Mon Exil, Palon, Shark Bay
Ati (Meris / Miris) 85 Daya a Santo Fumbak, Naturuk, Nambauk
Se 20 Daya a Santo Vanafo, Butmas
Atin (Farnanatin) 120 Daya a Santo Nambauk (Patunfarambu), Fumatal
Farnanto 100 Daya a Santo Nambauk, Tanmet, Tafua
Mavea (Lonavu) 500 Daya a Santo Mavea, Aissi, Tutuba
Nethalp extinct Daya a Santo Lorediakarkar
Nekep 4000 Daya a Santo Hog Harbour, Port Olry, Kole 1

François (2015)[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

Ti sumaganad a listaan dagiti 38 a sasao nga Espiritu Santo ke manipud iti François (2015:18-21).

No. Pagsasao Dadduma a nagnagan Dagiti agsasao Ethnologue ISO 639-3 Rehion
27 Tolomako Bigbay 900 tlm tlm Espiritu Santo
28 Piamatsina 250 ptr ptr Espiritu Santo
29 Vunapu 380 vnp vnp Espiritu Santo
30 Valpei 300 vlp vlp Espiritu Santo
31 Nokuku 250 nkk nkk Espiritu Santo
32 Meri Tasmate, Oa 300 tmt tmt Espiritu Santo
33 Wusi Kula 350 wsi wsi Espiritu Santo
34 Bura 300 Espiritu Santo
35 Merei Tiale, Lametin 400 lmb, mnl lmb, mnl Espiritu Santo
36 Mores Ko 200 mrp mrp Espiritu Santo
37 Ande Morouas 500 Espiritu Santo
38 Toksiki Soisoru, Roria 200 rga rga Espiritu Santo
39 Kiai Fortsenal 450 frt frt Espiritu Santo
40 Moiso 100 Espiritu Santo
41 Kene 300 Espiritu Santo
42 Daruru 100 Espiritu Santo
43 Akei Tasiriki 4000 tsr tsr Espiritu Santo
44 Retlatur 100 Espiritu Santo
45 Wailapa Ale 500 wlr wlr Espiritu Santo
46 Farsaf Narango, Nambel 400 nrg nrg Espiritu Santo
47 Varavara Amblong, Aje 300 alm alm Espiritu Santo
48 Narmoris 220 plb plb Espiritu Santo
49 Biliru Tambotalo 3 tls tls Espiritu Santo
50 Atin 120 Espiritu Santo
51 Ati Polonombauk, Meris 85 Espiritu Santo
52 Farnanto 100 Espiritu Santo
53 Se Fanafo 20 Espiritu Santo
54 Sinia Navut 520 nsw nsw Espiritu Santo
55 Butmas-Tur Ati, Farafi 520 bnr bnr Espiritu Santo
56 Ngen Shark Bay 450 ssv ssv Espiritu Santo, Litaro
57 Tholp Nethalp 0 lnn lnn Espiritu Santo
58 Sakao Hog Harbour, Nkep 4000 sku sku Espiritu Santo
59 Mavea Mav̋ea, Mafea 34 mkv mkv Espiritu Santo, Mavea
60 Tutuba 500 tmi tmi Espiritu Santo, Tutuba
61 Aore 0 aor aor Espiritu Santo, Aore
62 Tamambo Malo, Tamabo 4000 mla mla Espiritu Santo, Malo
63 Tangoa Movono 370 tgp tgp Espiritu Santo, Tangoa
64 Araki 8 akr akr Espiritu Santo, Araki

Dagiti nagibasaran[urnosen | urnosen ti taudan]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, dagiti ed. (2017). "Espiritu Santo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Alemania: Instituto ni Max Planck para iti Siensia ti Pakasaritaan ti Nagtagitaon.
  2. ^ a b Tryon, Darrell. 2010. The languages of Espiritu Santo, Vanuatu. In John Bowden and Nikolaus P. Himmelmann and Malcolm Ross (eds.), A journey through Austronesian and Papuan linguistic and cultural space: papers in honour of Andrew K. Pawley, 283-290. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.

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